Live flaying and the use of skins of whites as shoe leather I consider key to understanding whites, and how they perceive Blacks. Yet these wrongs by the brown and black complexioned European elite of nobles and bourgeoisie, since the Greek and Roman times: was set right in 1848. Whites were emancipated and men were given general suffrage. They then had all portraits of the Ancien Regime altered, claiming the paint had darkened. Whites want to believe themselves superior to Blacks, and need to hide the fact that Europe was civilized by brown and black Europeans.